Most commonly used java string methods





Hey, guys in this post will discuss the most commonly used java string methods. The string is the most commonly used class while building any java application, this is why the java team has provided several built-in String methods that we can do on any String. Let’s discuss some of the most commonly used java string methods.

  • chartAt()
  • compareTo()
  • concat()
  • contains()
  • endsWith()
  • equals()
  • indexOf()
  • isEmpty()
  • length()
  • replace()
  • startsWith()
  • trim()
  • toLowerCase()
  • toUpperCase()
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Usage of charAt()


It returns the character at the specified index in a string. If the specified index is greater than the length of the string then it will throw StringIndexOutOfBoundException.

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("Hello world".charAt(2));//l
		System.out.println("javatutorial".charAt(0));//j
	}
}

Further read on charAt() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#charAt(int)

Usage of compareTo()


It compares two strings lexicographically. The comparison is based on the Unicode value of each character in the strings.

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("bb".compareTo("dd")); //-2
		System.out.println("dd".compareTo("bb")); //2
		System.out.println("cc".compareTo("cc")); //0
	}
}

Further read on compareTo() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#compareTo(java.lang.String)

Usage of concat()


Appends a string to the end of another string. If the length of the argument string is 0, then this String object is returned. Otherwise, a new String object is created, representing a character sequence that is the concatenation of the character sequence represented by this String object and the character sequence represented by the argument string.

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("bushan".concat(" sirgur")); //bushan sirgur
		System.out.println("hello".concat(" world")); //hello world
		System.out.println("b2".concat(" tech")); //b2 tech
	}
}

Further read on concat() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#concat(java.lang.String)

Usage of contains()


checks whether a string contains a sequence of characters.

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("b2 tech".contains("tec"));//true
		System.out.println("javatutorial".contains("tech"));//false
	}
}

Further read on contains() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#contains(java.lang.CharSequence)

Usage of endswith()


checks whether a string ends with a specified character or not

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("b2 tech".endsWith("ch"));//true
		System.out.println("javatutorial".endsWith("tech"));//false
	}
}

Further read on endsWith() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#endsWith(java.lang.String)

Usage of equals()


returns true if two string are equal otherwise returns false

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("b2 tech".equals("b2 tech"));//true
		System.out.println("javatutorial".endsWith("hello"));//false
	}
}

Further read on equals() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#equals(java.lang.Object)

Usage of indexOf()


returns the position of the first found occurrence of specified characters, otherwise returns -1



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public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("b2 tech".indexOf("tech")); //3
		System.out.println("javatutorial".indexOf("hello")); //-1
	}
}

Further read on indexOf() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#indexOf(int)

Usage of isEmpty()


checks whether a string is empty or not

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("".isEmpty()); //true
		System.out.println("b2 tech".isEmpty()); //false
	}
}

Further read on isEmpty() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#isEmpty()

Usage of length()


returns the length of the specified string. index starts from 0 index.

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("".length()); //0
		System.out.println("b2 tech".length()); //7
	}
}

Further read on length() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#length()

Usage of replace()


returns a new string where the specified values are replaced otherwise returns the same string

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("hello world".replace("world", "java")); //hello java
		System.out.println("b2 tech".replace("world", "java")); //b2 tech
	}
}

Further read on replace() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#replace(char,%20char)

Usage of startsWith()


checks whether a string starts with a specified character or not

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("hello world".startsWith("hello")); //true
		System.out.println("b2 tech".startsWith("java")); //false
	}
}

Further read on startsWith() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#startsWith(java.lang.String,%20int) 

Usage of trim()


removes whitespace from both ends of the string

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("    hello world     ".trim()); //hello world
		System.out.println("         b2 tech".trim()); //b2 tech
	}
}

Further read on trim() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#trim()

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Usage of toLowerCase()


convert specified string to lower case

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("HELLO WORLD".toLowerCase()); //hello world
		System.out.println("b2 tech".toLowerCase()); //b2 tech
	}
}

Further read on toLowerCase() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#toLowerCase()

Usage of toUpperCase()


convert the specified string to upper case.

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("hello world".toUpperCase()); //HELLO WORLD
		System.out.println("b2 tech".toUpperCase()); //B2 TECH
	}
}

Further read on toUpperCase() at https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/String.html#toUpperCase(java.util.Locale)




About the author

Bushan Sirgur

Hey guys, I am Bushan Sirgur from Banglore, India. Currently, I am working as an Associate project in an IT company.

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