Spring Boot Data JPA JPQL Select Query

Hey guys in this post, we will discuss JPQL select query with an example. We will create a spring boot project step by step and connect it to the database. Follow this tutorial till the end to understand about JPQL select query.

JPQL stands for Java Persistence Query Language is a platform-independent object-oriented query language defined as part of the Java Persistence specification. JPQL is used to make queries against entities stored in a relational database.

Complete example

Let’s create a step-by-step spring boot project and create a JPQL select query. We will write a JPQL query to retrieve the list of laptops for a specific brand.

Note: Of course, we can achieve this using the finder method or query methods but the goal here is to understand how to write JPQL select queries.

Create database and insert sample data

Open MySQL workbench and execute the following commands


USE mydb;

CREATE TABLE tbl_laptops(
    name VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    description VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    brand VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    price DOUBLE(10, 2) NOT NULL,
    created_at DATE NOT NULL

INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Dell Inspiron", "dell company laptop", "Dell", 60000.00, '2021-02-10');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Dell XPS", "dell company laptop", "Dell", 70000.00, '2020-12-31');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Macbook Air", "apple company laptop", "Apple", 85000.00, '2021-01-31');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Macbook Pro", "apple company laptop", "Apple", 160000.00, '2021-12-25');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("HP", "hp company laptop", "HP", 50000.00, '2021-02-10');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Lenovo", "lenovo company laptop", "Lenovo", 50000.00, '2020-11-21');

SELECT * FROM tbl_laptops;

We have created a table tbl_laptops that contains 5 fields. We have inserted the sample data as well.

Create spring boot project

There are many different ways to create a spring boot application, you can follow the below articles to create one –

>> Create spring boot application using Spring initializer
>> Create spring boot application in Spring tool suite [STS]
>> Create spring boot application in IntelliJ IDEA

Add maven dependencies

Open pom.xml and add the following dependencies –

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
		<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
	<description>Spring boot data jpa find by field name</description>




spring-boot-starter-web dependency for building web applications using Spring MVC. It uses the tomcat as the default embedded container.

spring-boot-devtools dependency for automatic reloads or live reload of applications. spring-boot-starter-data-jpa dependency is a starter for using Spring Data JPA with Hibernate. lombok dependency is a java library that will reduce the boilerplate code that we usually write inside every entity class like setters, getters, and toString()

Configure the datasource



Create an entity class

Create Laptop.java inside the in.bushansirgur.springboot.entity package and add the following content

package in.bushansirgur.springboot.entity;

import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.sql.Date;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;

import lombok.Data;

public class Laptop {
	@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
	private Long id;
	private String name;
	private String brand;
	private String description;
	private BigDecimal price;
	private Date createdAt;

We have added @Data annotation which is a Lombok annotation, that will automatically create setters, getters, toString(), and equals() for us.

@Entity is a mandatory annotation that indicates that this class is a JPA entity and is mapped with a database table.

@Table annotation is an optional annotation that contains the table info like table name.

@Id annotation is a mandatory annotation that marks a field as the primary key

Create a Repository

Create an interface LaptopRepository.java inside the in.bushansirgur.springboot.repos package and add the following content

package in.bushansirgur.springboot.repository;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.Query;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

import in.bushansirgur.springboot.entity.Laptop;

public interface LaptopRepository extends JpaRepository<Laptop, Long>{
	@Query("FROM Laptop WHERE brand = :brand")
	List<Laptop> getLaptopsByBrand (String brand);

Inside the repository, we will create a method, we can give any name for this method. This method will accept the brand as a parameter. We should annotate this method with @Query annotation, and we will write the JPQL query. The JPQL is similar to SQL query but we will use field names instead of column names. The :brand in the query is the name of the variable, it should match with the parameter in the method.

If you change the method argument name then you need to use @Param annotation

@Query("FROM Laptop WHERE brand = :brand")
List<Laptop> getLaptopsByBrand (@Param("brand") String brandName);

There is also one more way instead of variable names you can use indexes. Consider the following query

@Query("FROM Laptop WHERE brand = ?1")
List<Laptop> getLaptopsByBrand (String brandName);

Here ?1 is the index of the method argument. Index starts from 1.

Create a Rest controller

Create LaptopController.java inside the in.bushansirgur.springboot.controller package and add the following content

package in.bushansirgur.springboot.controller;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import in.bushansirgur.springboot.entity.Laptop;
import in.bushansirgur.springboot.repository.LaptopRepository;

public class LaptopController {
	private LaptopRepository lRepo;
	public List<Laptop> getListOfLaptopsByBrand (@PathVariable String brand) {
		return lRepo.getLaptopsByBrand(brand);

Run the app

Run the application using the below maven command –

mvn spring-boot:run

Open the browser and enter the following URL –

  • localhost:8080/laptops/dell
        "id": 1,
        "name": "Dell Inspiron",
        "brand": "Dell",
        "description": "dell company laptop",
        "price": 60000.0,
        "createdAt": "2021-02-10"
        "id": 2,
        "name": "Dell XPS",
        "brand": "Dell",
        "description": "dell company laptop",
        "price": 70000.0,
        "createdAt": "2020-12-31"

Bushan Sirgur

Hey guys, I am Bushan Sirgur from Banglore, India. Currently, I am working as an Associate project in an IT company.

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