Spring Boot Data JPA JPQL Delete Query





Hey guys in this post, we will discuss writing Data JPA JPQL delete query with example. We will create a spring boot project step by step and connect it to the MySQL database. Follow this tutorial till the end to know about writing a JPQL delete query.

Complete example


Let’s create a step-by-step spring boot project and create a JPQL select query. We will write a JPQL query to delete a record by its name.

Create database and insert sample data


Open MySQL workbench and execute the following commands

CREATE DATABASE mydb;

USE mydb;

CREATE TABLE tbl_laptops(
    id INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT,
    name VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    description VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    brand VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    price DOUBLE(10, 2) NOT NULL,
    created_at DATE NOT NULL
);

INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Dell Inspiron", "dell company laptop", "Dell", 60000.00, '2021-02-10');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Dell XPS", "dell company laptop", "Dell", 70000.00, '2020-12-31');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Macbook Air", "apple company laptop", "Apple", 85000.00, '2021-01-31');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Macbook Pro", "apple company laptop", "Apple", 160000.00, '2021-12-25');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("HP", "hp company laptop", "HP", 50000.00, '2021-02-10');
INSERT INTO tbl_laptops(name, description, brand, price, created_at)
VALUES("Lenovo", "lenovo company laptop", "Lenovo", 50000.00, '2020-11-21');

SELECT * FROM tbl_laptops;

We have created a table tbl_laptops that contains 5 fields. We have inserted the sample data as well.

Read More:

  1. Check this how to write JPQL select query
  2. Check this how to write a JPQL update query

Create spring boot project


There are many different ways to create a spring boot application, you can follow the below articles to create one –

>> Create spring boot application using Spring initializer
>> Create spring boot application in Spring tool suite [STS]
>> Create spring boot application in IntelliJ IDEA

Add maven dependencies


Open pom.xml and add the following dependencies –

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>2.4.4</version>
		<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
	</parent>
	<groupId>in.bushansirgur</groupId>
	<artifactId>findbyfieldname</artifactId>
	<version>v1</version>
	<name>findbyfieldname</name>
	<description>Spring boot data jpa find by field name</description>
	<properties>
		<java.version>1.8</java.version>
	</properties>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
			<scope>runtime</scope>
			<optional>true</optional>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>mysql</groupId>
			<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
			<scope>runtime</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
			<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
			<optional>true</optional>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
				<configuration>
					<excludes>
						<exclude>
							<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
							<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
						</exclude>
					</excludes>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

</project>

spring-boot-starter-web dependency for building web applications using Spring MVC. It uses the tomcat as the default embedded container.




spring-boot-devtools dependency for automatic reloads or live reload of applications. spring-boot-starter-data-jpa dependency is a starter for using Spring Data JPA with Hibernate. lombok dependency is a java library that will reduce the boilerplate code that we usually write inside every entity class like setters, getters, and toString()

Configure the datasource


spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mydb
spring.datasource.username=scbushan05
spring.datasource.password=scbushan05

spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=update

Create an entity class


Create Laptop.java inside the in.bushansirgur.springboot.entity package and add the following content

package in.bushansirgur.springboot.entity;

import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.sql.Date;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;

import lombok.Data;

@Entity
@Table(name="tbl_laptops")
@Data
public class Laptop {
	
	@Id
	@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
	private Long id;
	
	private String name;
	
	private String brand;
	
	private String description;
	
	private BigDecimal price;
	
	@Column(name="created_at")
	private Date createdAt;
}

We have added @Data annotation which is a Lombok annotation, that will automatically create setters, getters, toString(), and equals() for us.

@Entity is a mandatory annotation that indicates that this class is a JPA entity and is mapped with a database table.

@Table annotation is an optional annotation that contains the table info like table name.




@Id annotation is a mandatory annotation that marks a field as the primary key

Create a Repository


Create an interface LaptopRepository.java inside the in.bushansirgur.springboot.repos package and add the following content

package in.bushansirgur.springboot.repository;

import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.Modifying;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.Query;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import in.bushansirgur.springboot.entity.Laptop;

@Repository
public interface LaptopRepository extends JpaRepository<Laptop, Long>{
	
	@Transactional
	@Modifying
	@Query("DELETE FROM Laptop WHERE name = :name")
	Integer deleteByName(String name);
}
  • @Query annotation is used to write the JPQL query. JPQL queries take field names instead of column names
  • @Modifying annotation is used whenever we writing JPQL query for modifying the records (create, update, delete)
  • JPQL query always returns either void or integer whenever we are writing a query for modifying.
  • @Transactional annotation is used whenever we are writing JPQL queries, it is from the org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional package

Create a Rest controller


Create LaptopController.java inside the in.bushansirgur.springboot.controller package and add the following content

package in.bushansirgur.springboot.controller;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.DeleteMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import in.bushansirgur.springboot.repository.LaptopRepository;

@RestController
public class LaptopController {
	
	@Autowired
	private LaptopRepository lRepo;
	
	@DeleteMapping("/laptops/delete/{name}")
	public ResponseEntity<String> deleteByName(@PathVariable String name) {
		return new ResponseEntity<String>(lRepo.deleteByName(name)+" record(s) deleted", HttpStatus.OK);
	}
}

Run the app


Run the application using the below maven command –

mvn spring-boot:run

Open the browser and enter the following URL –

  • localhost:8080/laptops/delete/macbook air

Screenshot-2021-06-10-at-9-51-01-AM

That’s it for this post. Hope you liked it, if so share this with your friends and colleagues, and don’t forget to share this with your social media. Thanks, i will see you in the next post.



About the author

Bushan Sirgur

Hey guys, I am Bushan Sirgur from Banglore, India. Currently, I am working as an Associate project in an IT company.

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